bad kan smug po
"The bad kan smug po diseases may be hot or cold.
"1. Hot bad kan smug po diseases (bad kan smug po yas babs). The cause for a hot bad kan smug po disease is an increase in impure blood. The high amount of impure blood has various reasons. One reason may be an unsuitable diet such as an excessive intake of very rich food or the consumption of a diet of hot and sour taste. This wrong diet leads to an increase in impure blood in the liver. Another reason for a large amount of impure blood in the body is bleeding injuries caused by weapons or dirty objects. This contaminated blood remaining in the body is considered to be impure blood that flows to the liver. A further reason for the development of these diseases is tsha ba that leads to the spreading of impure blood in the body.
"If the patient continues to consume the wrong diet, more impure blood is produced in the liver. Then, the impure blood flows back into the stomach and intermingles with bad kan. Afterwards, impure blood and bad kan move into the small intestine, where they mix with mkhris pa and then flow into the large intestine and intermingle with rlung. The main characteristic of a hot bad kan smug po disease is that it is generated in the liver and moves to the large intestine. The designation yas babs -
yas (upper) and babs (falling down) - refers to this.
"2. Cold bad kan smug po diseases (bad kan smug po mas chags). The cold bad kan smug po is induced by an improper diet and food which is difficult to digest. Under such conditions, excessive gastric juices are produced, thereby weakening the power of the digestive mkhris pa and the fire-like rlung in the stomach and disrupting the digestive progress. As a consequence, the essence and the waste matter of the food do not get separated properly, but get mixed up and flow to the liver. There, due to the presence of the waste matter of the food, the formation of blood is disturbed and impure blood is produced, which flows back to the stomach. This disturbance of the digestive processes leads to an increase in bad kan in the stomach. As bad kan has a cold nature, a cold disease results. The main characteristic of a cold bad kan smug po disease is that it remains at the place where it begins. The designation mas chags - mas referring to stomach and chags meaning "resides in the place where it begins" - refers to this."